Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Microorganisms with nourishment-associated activity in the gastro enteral tract of horses

From: The gut microbiome of horses: current research on equine enteral microbiota and future perspectives

KingdomFamilyGenusSpeciesPutative effectsRef.
BacteriaRuminococcaceaeRuminococcusspp.cellulolytic, fibrolytic bacteria[167, 168]
favefaciensplant wall degradation[169]
albusplant wall degradation[169, 170]
FibrobacteraceaeFibrobactersuccinogenesmonosaccharide and glycoside degradation[169,170,171,172]
intestinalisplant wall degradation[171]
StreptococcaceaeStreptococcusspp.amyloytica[173]
bovis/equinusL-lactate producer[174]
LactobacillaceaeLactobacillussalivarius/ mucosaeL-lactate producer, decarboxylating amino acids, vascoactive amines[174], [137]
  bulgaricus/ delbrueckiiL-lactate producer[174]
crispatuslactic acid bacteria[175]
johnsoniilactic acid bacteria[175]
reuterilactic acid bacteria[175]
equigenerosilactic acid bacteria[176]
hayakitensislactic acid bacteria[176]
buchnerilactic acid bacteria[176]
vitulinuslactic acid bacteria[176]
AcidaminococcaceaeMitsuokellajalaludiniiD-lactate producer[174]
Phascolarctobacteriumspp.fibre fermentersb[168]
VeillonellaceaeVeillonellagazogenes/ alcalescenslactat utilizing bacteria[177]
LachnospiraceaeButyrivibriospp.cellulolytic, fibrolyticc[167]
fibrosolvensamylolytic[173]
Blautiaspp.fibre fermenters[168]
ClostridiaceaeClostridiumspp.cellulolytic, fibrolyticd[167]
EubacteriaceaeEubacteriumspp.cellulolytic, fibrolytic[167]
PrevotellaceaePrevotellaspp.fibre fermenters[168]
SuccinivibrionaceaeRuminobacteramylophilusamylolytic[173]
EnterococcaceaeEnterococcusfaecalisamylolytic[173]
Fungi   fiber degradation[178]
NeocallimastigaceaePiromycesequicellulose degradation[179]
Protozoa   hemicellulose, pectin degradation[99]
Bacterio-phages   regulating bacterial species distribution[180]
Archaea   methanogensf[80], [81]