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Table 1 Permutational analysis of variance describing the effects of early-in-life rumen microbial inoculation and time on the rumen community structure

From: Inoculation with rumen fluid in early life accelerates the rumen microbial development and favours the weaning process in goats

Community1 Inoculation Time Interaction
Multi-kingdom
 Variance (%) 21.8 16.2 9.90
 Pseudo-F 12.3 13.7 2.79
P-value < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
Bacteria
 Variance (%) 16.1 17.3 9.26
 Pseudo-F 8.20 13.21 2.36
P-value < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
Methanogens
 Variance (%) 24.9 11.5 9.07
 Pseudo-F 12.5 8.70 2.28
P-value < 0.001 < 0.001 0.002
Protozoa
 Variance (%) 14.5 9.07 6.28
 Pseudo-F 6.79 4.23 1.47
P-value < 0.001 < 0.001 0.096
Anaerobic fungi
 Variance (%) 30.4 1.73 4.41
 Pseudo-F 8.45 1.44 1.23
P-value < 0.001 0.192 0.193
  1. 1Microbial data were log10 transformed and only Spearman’s correlations coefficients ρ > 0.3 (green) or ρ < −0.3 (red) and p < 0.01 are shown (N = 96). Parameters: milk, concentrate, forage and DM intake (g/d), rumen pH,total volatile fatty acids (mM), acetate (%), propionate, butyrate (%), odd and branched chain fatty acids (%), microbial concentration (log10 copies/mg DM), OTUs richness (−R), plasma β-hydroxybutyrate (mM), blood glucose (mg/dL), average daily gain (g/d) and ADG during the post weaning period (ADG-pw)
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