Skip to main content

Table 4 Summary of PERMANOVA model statistics for all beta diversity measures (Bray Curtis, Jaccard, Unifrac) and clinical health issues, reproductive hormones, and metabolic hormones in Asian elephants

From: Clinical health issues, reproductive hormones, and metabolic hormones associated with gut microbiome structure in African and Asian elephants

Variable df Bray–Curtis Jaccard Unifrac
R2 Pseudo F-stat p value R2 Pseudo F-stat p value R2 Pseudo F-stat p value
Progestagens (ng/ml) 1 0.025 1.027 0.689 0.027 1.087 0.351 0.026 1.050 0.597
PRL (ng/ml) 1 0.029 1.197 0.176 0.028 1.119 0.180 0.029 1.162 0.107
LH (ng/ml) 1 0.048 1.997 0.646 0.040 1.618 0.545 0.042 1.703 0.717
FSH (ng/ml) 1 0.030 1.254 0.833 0.029 1.155 0.830 0.028 1.143 0.768
FGM (ng/g) 1 0.043 1.803 0.664 0.036 1.449 0.716 0.034 1.372 0.902
Total T4 (ug/dl) 1 0.027 1.142 0.362 0.027 1.083 0.421 0.029 1.157 0.663
Total T3 (ng/dl) 1 0.044 1.855 0.004* 0.040 1.610 0.001* 0.046 1.861 0.006*
Free T4 (ng/dl) 1 0.033 1.365 0.006* 0.030 1.223 0.008* 0.031 1.244 0.830
TSH (ng/ml) 1 0.022 0.921 0.545 0.024 0.948 0.499 0.024 0.955 0.553
BCS 3 0.083 1.155 0.364 0.083 1.106 0.388 0.079 1.058 0.956
GI_6wks 1 0.030 1.243 0.082 0.029 1.181 0.053 0.026 1.054 0.363
LameStiff_6wks 1 0.032 1.327 0.382 0.031 1.226 0.214 0.032 1.292 0.163
Age 1 0.024 1.000 0.797 0.025 0.997 0.687 0.022 0.872 0.891
NSAID/AntiBio 1 0.031 1.293 0.468 0.029 1.169 0.589 0.029 1.186 0.661
Residual 21 0.501 NA NA 0.523 NA NA 0.522 NA NA
  1. Bold text indicates variables with significant p values