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Table 3 Ten bile acids with significant different levels between grass-fed and grain-fed cattle (concentration unit: μmol/ml)

From: Diet-induced changes in bacterial communities in the jejunum and their associations with bile acids in Angus beef cattle

Bile acids Grain-fed Grass-fed p-value
Cholic acid1 0.884 ± 0.403 2.876 ± 2.45 0.0238
Glycocholic acid1C 171.912 ± 79.959 294.44 ± 63.734 0.0135
Glycodeoxycholic acid2C 57.035 ± 18.609 30.417 ± 8.094 0.0054
Glycolithocholic acid2C 1.001 ± 0.41 0.334 ± 0.17 0.0019
Glycoursodeoxycholic acid2C 0.073 ± 0.042 0.035 ± 0.013 0.0182
7-Ketodeoxycholic acid2C 0.08 ± 0.057 0.382 ± 0.425 0.0238
Taurocholic acid1C 206.139 ± 57.52 358.033 ± 46.647 0.0014
Taurodeoxycholic acid2C 79.243 ± 24.584 54.168 ± 11.158 0.0316
Taurolithocholic acid2C 1.075 ± 0.284 0.515 ± 0.08 0.0009
Total of tauroursodeoxycholic/taurohyodeoxycholic acid2C 0.152 ± 0.093 0.08 ± 0.016 0.0404
  1. Bile acids were listed alphabetically, “1” denotes primary bile acids, “1C” denotes primary bile acids conjugates, “2C” denotes secondary bile acids conjugates