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  1. The bovine upper respiratory tract (URT) microbiome includes opportunistic pathogens that cause respiratory disease and stress associated with maternal separation and transportation contributes to the severity...

    Authors: Nilusha Malmuthuge, Angela Howell, Natasa Arsic, Tracy Prysliak, Jose Perez-Casal and Philip Griebel

    Citation: Animal Microbiome 2021 3:62

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  2. Elasmobranchs (sharks, skates and rays) are of broad ecological, economic, and societal value. These globally important fishes are experiencing sharp population declines as a result of human activity in the oc...

    Authors: Cameron T. Perry, Zoe A. Pratte, Ana Clavere-Graciette, Kim B. Ritchie, Robert E. Hueter, Alisa L. Newton, G. Christopher Fischer, Elizabeth A. Dinsdale, Michael P. Doane, Krystan A. Wilkinson, Kim Bassos-Hull, Kady Lyons, Alistair D. M. Dove, Lisa A. Hoopes and Frank J. Stewart

    Citation: Animal Microbiome 2021 3:61

    Content type: Review

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  3. Microbial communities of wild animals are being increasingly investigated to provide information about the hosts’ biology and promote conservation. Loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) are a keystone species ...

    Authors: Klara Filek, Adriana Trotta, Romana Gračan, Antonio Di Bello, Marialaura Corrente and Sunčica Bosak

    Citation: Animal Microbiome 2021 3:59

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  4. The porcine gastrointestinal microbiota has been linked to both host health and performance. Most pig gut microbiota studies target faecal material, which is not representative of microbiota dynamics in other ...

    Authors: Jolinda Pollock, Laura Glendinning, Lesley A. Smith, Hamna Mohsin, David L. Gally, Michael R. Hutchings and Jos G. M. Houdijk

    Citation: Animal Microbiome 2021 3:58

    Content type: Research Article

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  5. The role of the microbiome in livestock production has been highlighted in recent research. Currently, little is known about the microbiome's impact across different systems of production in swine, particularl...

    Authors: Christian Maltecca, Rob Dunn, Yuqing He, Nathan P. McNulty, Constantino Schillebeeckx, Clint Schwab, Caleb Shull, Justin Fix and Francesco Tiezzi

    Citation: Animal Microbiome 2021 3:57

    Content type: Research Article

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  6. Thirteen-lined ground squirrels (Ictidomys tridecemlineatus) are obligate hibernators and are only active 4–5 months annually. During this period, squirrels rapidly acquire fat for use during hibernation. We inve...

    Authors: Kirsten Grond, Courtney C. Kurtz, Jasmine Hatton, Michelle M. Sonsalla and Khrystyne N. Duddleston

    Citation: Animal Microbiome 2021 3:56

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  7. Zebrafish used in research settings are often housed in recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS) which rely on the system microbiome, typically enriched in a biofiltration substrate, to remove the harmful ammon...

    Authors: Aaron C. Ericsson, Susheel B. Busi, Daniel J. Davis, Henda Nabli, David C. Eckhoff, Rebecca A. Dorfmeyer, Giedre Turner, Payton S. Oswalt, Marcus J. Crim and Elizabeth C. Bryda

    Citation: Animal Microbiome 2021 3:55

    Content type: Research Article

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  8. Health surveillance of murine colonies employed for scientific purposes aim at detecting unwanted infection that can affect the well-being of animals and personnel, and potentially undermine scientific results...

    Authors: Ferdinando Scavizzi, Cristian Bassi, Laura Lupini, Paola Guerriero, Marcello Raspa and Silvia Sabbioni

    Citation: Animal Microbiome 2021 3:53

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  9. Conventional pig housing and management conditions are associated with gastrointestinal pathophysiology and disease susceptibility in early life. Developing new strategies to reduce both therapeutic and prophy...

    Authors: Caifang Wen, Ingrid van Dixhoorn, Dirkjan Schokker, Henri Woelders, Norbert Stockhofe-Zurwieden, Johanna M. J. Rebel and Hauke Smidt

    Citation: Animal Microbiome 2021 3:52

    Content type: Research Article

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  10. Papillomaviruses are small nonenveloped, circular double-stranded DNA viruses that belong to the Papillomaviridae family. To date, 29 Bos taurus papillomavirus (BPV) types have been described. Studies involving m...

    Authors: Jéssica Tatiane Sauthier, Cíntia Daudt, Flavio Roberto Chaves da Silva, Christian Diniz Beduschi Travassos Alves, Fabiana Quoos Mayer, Ronaldo Michel Bianchi, David Driemeier, Rodrigo Silva Araujo Streit, Charley Christian Staats, Cláudio Wageck Canal and Matheus Nunes Weber

    Citation: Animal Microbiome 2021 3:51

    Content type: Research Article

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  11. The chicken gut microbiota passes through different stages of maturation; therefore, strengthening it with well characterised probiotics increases its resilience required for optimum gut health and wellbeing. ...

    Authors: Samiullah Khan and Kapil K. Chousalkar

    Citation: Animal Microbiome 2021 3:50

    Content type: Research Article

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  12. Farmed fish food with reduced fish-derived products are gaining growing interest due to the ecological impact of fish-derived protein utilization and the necessity to increase aquaculture sustainability. Altho...

    Authors: David Pérez-Pascual, Ana Elena Pérez-Cobas, Dimitri Rigaudeau, Tatiana Rochat, Jean-François Bernardet, Sandrine Skiba-Cassy, Yann Marchand, Eric Duchaud and Jean-Marc Ghigo

    Citation: Animal Microbiome 2021 3:47

    Content type: Research Article

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  13. Dietary fibers are widely considered to be beneficial to health as they produce nutrients through gut microbial fermentation while facilitating weight management and boosting gut health. To date, the gene expr...

    Authors: Jie Xu, Rongying Xu, Menglan Jia, Yong Su and Weiyun Zhu

    Citation: Animal Microbiome 2021 3:45

    Content type: Research Article

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  14. Antimicrobial resistance poses super challenges in both human health and livestock production. Rumen microbiota is a large reservoir of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs), which show significant varations in d...

    Authors: Hui-Zeng Sun, Ke-Lan Peng, Ming-Yuan Xue and Jian-Xin Liu

    Citation: Animal Microbiome 2021 3:44

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  15. Beneficial microbes can be vertically transmitted from mother to offspring in many organisms. In oviparous animals, bacterial transfer to eggs may improve egg success by inhibiting fungal attachment and infect...

    Authors: M. E. Bunker, G. Elliott, H. Heyer-Gray, M. O. Martin, A. E. Arnold and S. L. Weiss

    Citation: Animal Microbiome 2021 3:43

    Content type: Research Article

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  16. Dietary content and environmental factors can shape the gut microbiota, and consequently, the way the gut microbiota metabolizes fats, carbohydrates, and proteins, affecting overall health of the host. We eval...

    Authors: Lina María Martínez-López, Amy Pepper, Rachel Pilla, Andrew P. Woodward, Jan S. Suchodolski and Caroline Mansfield

    Citation: Animal Microbiome 2021 3:42

    Content type: Research Article

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  17. Undesirable microbial infiltration into the female bovine reproductive tracts, for example during calving or mating, is likely to disturb the commensal microflora. Persistent establishment and overgrowth of ce...

    Authors: Chian Teng Ong, Conny Turni, Patrick J. Blackall, Gry Boe-Hansen, Ben J. Hayes and Ala E. Tabor

    Citation: Animal Microbiome 2021 3:41

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  18. Captive animals, compared to their wild counterparts, generally harbor imbalanced gut microbiota owing, in part, to their altered diets. This imbalance is particularly striking for folivores that fundamentally...

    Authors: Lydia K. Greene, Marina B. Blanco, Elodi Rambeloson, Karlis Graubics, Brian Fanelli, Rita R. Colwell and Christine M. Drea

    Citation: Animal Microbiome 2021 3:39

    Content type: Research Article

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  19. Oral diseases are common in dogs, with microbiota playing a prominent role in the disease process. Oral cavity habitats harbor unique microbiota populations that have relevance to health and disease. Despite t...

    Authors: Patrícia M. Oba, Meredith Q. Carroll, Celeste Alexander, Helen Valentine, Amy J. Somrak, Stephanie C. J. Keating, Adrianna M. Sage and Kelly S. Swanson

    Citation: Animal Microbiome 2021 3:38

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Animal Microbiome 2021 3:40

  20. For more than 30 years, the tetracycline on/off system of inducible gene expression has been leveraged to study disease mechanisms across many research areas, especially that of metabolism and neuroscience. Th...

    Authors: Elizabeth M. Hill, Christopher D. Howard, Tracy L. Bale and Eldin Jašarević

    Citation: Animal Microbiome 2021 3:37

    Content type: Short report

    Published on:

  21. Probiotics have been demonstrated to ameliorate clinical signs of gastrointestinal diseases in dogs in various studies. However, the effect of probiotics in a healthy population, as well as factors contributin...

    Authors: Jirayu Tanprasertsuk, Aashish R. Jha, Justin Shmalberg, Roshonda B. Jones, LeeAnn M. Perry, Heather Maughan and Ryan W. Honaker

    Citation: Animal Microbiome 2021 3:36

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  22. Tenacibaculum maritimum is a fish pathogen known for causing serious damage to a broad range of wild and farmed marine fish populations worldwide. The recently sequenced genome of T. maritimum strain NCIMB 2154T ...

    Authors: J. Le Luyer, Q. Schull, P. Auffret, P. Lopez, M. Crusot, C. Belliard, C. Basset, Q. Carradec, J. Poulain, S. Planes and D. Saulnier

    Citation: Animal Microbiome 2021 3:35

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  23. The gut microbiota is critical for host function. Among mammals, host phylogenetic relatedness and diet are strong drivers of gut microbiota structure, but one factor may be more influential than the other. He...

    Authors: Connie A. Rojas, Santiago Ramírez-Barahona, Kay E. Holekamp and Kevin R. Theis

    Citation: Animal Microbiome 2021 3:33

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  24. Volatile fatty acids (VFA) generated from ruminal fermentation by microorganisms provide up to 75% of total metabolizable energy in ruminants. Ruminal pH is an important factor affecting the profile and produc...

    Authors: Meng M. Li, Robin R. White, Le Luo Guan, Laura Harthan and Mark D. Hanigan

    Citation: Animal Microbiome 2021 3:32

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  25. The rumen bacterial communities are changing dynamically throughout the first year of calf’s life including the weaning period as a critical event. Rumen microbiome analysis is often limited to invasive rumen ...

    Authors: Nida Amin, Sarah Schwarzkopf, Asako Kinoshita, Johanna Tröscher-Mußotter, Sven Dänicke, Amélia Camarinha-Silva, Korinna Huber, Jana Frahm and Jana Seifert

    Citation: Animal Microbiome 2021 3:31

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  26. Infectious diseases cause significant production losses in aquaculture every year. Since the gut microbiota plays an essential role in regulating the host immune system, health and physiology, altered gut micr...

    Authors: Davide Bozzi, Jacob A. Rasmussen, Christian Carøe, Harald Sveier, Kristian Nordøy, M. Thomas P. Gilbert and Morten T. Limborg

    Citation: Animal Microbiome 2021 3:30

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  27. The cotton rat (genus Sigmodon) is an essential small animal model for the study of human infectious disease and viral therapeutic development. However, the impact of the host microbiome on infection outcomes has...

    Authors: Britton A. Strickland, Mira C. Patel, Meghan H. Shilts, Helen H. Boone, Arash Kamali, Wei Zhang, Daniel Stylos, Marina S. Boukhvalova, Christian Rosas-Salazar, Shibu Yooseph, Seesandra V. Rajagopala, Jorge C. G. Blanco and Suman R. Das

    Citation: Animal Microbiome 2021 3:29

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  28. The knowledge about blood circulating microbiome and its functional relevance in healthy individuals remains limited. An assessment of changes in the circulating microbiome was performed by sequencing peripher...

    Authors: Ainize Peña-Cearra, Alejandro Belanche, Monika Gonzalez-Lopez, José Luis Lavín, Miguel Ángel Pascual-Itoiz, Elisabeth Jiménez, Héctor Rodríguez, Ana Mª. Aransay, Juan Anguita, David R. Yáñez-Ruiz and Leticia Abecia

    Citation: Animal Microbiome 2021 3:28

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  29. The nutrition of calves from birth until weaning is predominantly from liquid (milk or milk-based) feeds. Liquid feed allowances are often restricted during artificial rearing to accelerate the development of ...

    Authors: Sandeep Kumar, M. Ajmal Khan, Emma Beijer, Jinxin Liu, Katherine K. Lowe, Wayne Young, David A. Mills and Christina D. Moon

    Citation: Animal Microbiome 2021 3:27

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  30. The microbiomes of foundation (habitat-forming) species such as corals and sponges underpin the biodiversity, productivity, and stability of ecosystems. Consumers shape communities of foundation species throug...

    Authors: Carsten G. B. Grupstra, Kristen M. Rabbitt, Lauren I. Howe-Kerr and Adrienne M. S. Correa

    Citation: Animal Microbiome 2021 3:25

    Content type: Short report

    Published on:

  31. Little is known about the complex interactions between the diet, the gut microbiota, and enteropathogens. Here, the impact of two specific diets on the composition of the mouse gut microbiota and on the transc...

    Authors: Nicoletta Prax, Stefanie Wagner, Jakob Schardt, Klaus Neuhaus, Thomas Clavel and Thilo M. Fuchs

    Citation: Animal Microbiome 2021 3:24

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  32. Diet acidification, dietary calcium (Ca) level, and phytase supplementation are known influences on the microbial community in the digestive tract and on phosphorus (P) utilization of broiler chickens. Effects of...

    Authors: Jochen Krieg, Daniel Borda-Molina, Wolfgang Siegert, Vera Sommerfeld, Yung Ping Chi, Hamid Reza Taheri, Dieter Feuerstein, Amélia Camarinha-Silva and Markus Rodehutscord

    Citation: Animal Microbiome 2021 3:23

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  33. Clinical intervention during bacterial infections in farm animals such as pigs commonly includes the use of antimicrobials. With the rise of antimicrobial resistance and the attempts to reduce the use of antib...

    Authors: Adrian Muwonge, Anbu K. Karuppannan and Tanja Opriessnig

    Citation: Animal Microbiome 2021 3:22

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  34. The environment exerts a strong influence on the fish external microbiota, with lower diversity and increased abundances of opportunistic bacterial groups characterizing cultured fish compared to their wild co...

    Authors: Andrea M. Tarnecki, Noah J. Levi, Matthew Resley and Kevan Main

    Citation: Animal Microbiome 2021 3:21

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  35. Gut microbial communities play important roles in nutrient management and can change in response to host diets. The extent of this flexibility and the concomitant resilience is largely unknown in wild animals....

    Authors: Kasun H. Bodawatta, Inga Freiberga, Katerina Puzejova, Katerina Sam, Michael Poulsen and Knud A. Jønsson

    Citation: Animal Microbiome 2021 3:20

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  36. Contagious Ovine Digital Dermatitis (CODD) is an emerging and common infectious foot disease of sheep which causes severe welfare and economic problems for the sheep industry. The aetiology of the disease is n...

    Authors: J. S. Duncan, J. W. Angell, P. Richards, L. Lenzi, G. J. Staton, D. Grove-White, S. Clegg, G. Oikonomou, S. D. Carter and N. J. Evans

    Citation: Animal Microbiome 2021 3:19

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  37. Antimicrobial resistance is one of the most urgent threat to global public health, as it can lead to high morbidity, mortality, and medical costs for humans and livestock animals. In ruminants, the rumen micro...

    Authors: Ming-Yuan Xue, Yun-Yi Xie, Yi-Fan Zhong, Jian-Xin Liu, Le Luo Guan and Hui-Zeng Sun

    Citation: Animal Microbiome 2021 3:18

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  38. Historically the main source of laboratory Xenopus laevis was the environment. The increase in genetically altered animals and evolving governmental constraints around using wild-caught animals for research has l...

    Authors: Maya Z. Piccinni, Joy E. M. Watts, Marie Fourny, Matt Guille and Samuel C. Robson

    Citation: Animal Microbiome 2021 3:17

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  39. Infectious Bovine Keratoconjunctivitis (IBK), commonly known as pinkeye, is one of the most significant diseases of beef cattle. As such, IBK costs the US beef industry at least 150 million annually. However, ...

    Authors: Alison C. Bartenslager, Nirosh D. Althuge, John Dustin Loy, Matthew M. Hille, Matthew L. Spangler and Samodha C. Fernando

    Citation: Animal Microbiome 2021 3:16

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  40. Metritis is an inflammatory uterine disease found in ~ 20% of dairy cows after parturition and associated with uterine microbiota with high abundance of Fusobacterium, Bacteroides, and Porphyromonas. Ceftiofur is...

    Authors: Soo Jin Jeon, Federico Cunha, Rodolfo Daetz, Rodrigo C. Bicalho, Svetlana Lima and Klibs N. Galvão

    Citation: Animal Microbiome 2021 3:15

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  41. The importance of the gut microbiota for health and wellbeing is well established for humans and some land animals. The gut microbiota is supposedly as important for fish, but existing knowledge has many gaps,...

    Authors: Jie Wang, Alexander Jaramillo-Torres, Yanxian Li, Trond M. Kortner, Karina Gajardo, Øyvind Jakobsen Brevik, Jan Vidar Jakobsen and Åshild Krogdahl

    Citation: Animal Microbiome 2021 3:14

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

  42. Marsupials are born much earlier than placental mammals, with most crawling from the birth canal to the protective marsupium (pouch) to further their development. However, little is known about the microbiolog...

    Authors: Sesilje Weiss, David Taggart, Ian Smith, Kristofer M. Helgen and Raphael Eisenhofer

    Citation: Animal Microbiome 2021 3:13

    Content type: Research Article

    Published on:

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