Skip to main content

Table 3 Summary of PERMANOVA model statistics for all beta diversity measures (Bray Curtis, Jaccard, Unifrac) and clinical health issues, reproductive hormones, and metabolic hormones in African elephants

From: Clinical health issues, reproductive hormones, and metabolic hormones associated with gut microbiome structure in African and Asian elephants

Variable df Bray–Curtis Jaccard Unifrac
R2 Pseudo F-stat p value R2 Pseudo F-stat p value R2 Pseudo F-stat p value
Progestagens (ng/ml) 1 0.023 1.493 0.756 0.020 1.307 0.859 0.020 1.325 0.625
PRL (ng/ml) 1 0.026 1.718 0.401 0.022 1.388 0.383 0.027 1.809 0.516
LH (ng/ml) 1 0.020 1.310 0.488 0.020 1.270 0.114 0.020 1.313 0.207
FSH (ng/ml) 1 0.019 1.257 0.676 0.019 1.235 0.579 0.019 1.222 0.564
FGM (ng/g) 1 0.019 1.248 0.138 0.018 1.180 0.188 0.019 1.229 0.013*
Total T4 (ug/dl) 1 0.020 1.302 0.962 0.020 1.285 0.922 0.019 1.262 0.584
Total T3 (ng/dl) 1 0.027 1.797 0.994 0.025 1.571 0.989 0.026 1.736 0.946
Free T4 (ng/dl) 1 0.030 1.972 0.334 0.026 1.650 0.265 0.035 2.287 0.407
TSH (ng/ml) 1 0.020 1.300 0.974 0.019 1.217 0.972 0.021 1.357 0.608
BCS 2 0.041 1.329 0.101 0.038 1.197 0.157 0.041 1.345 0.160
GI_6wks 1 0.019 1.219 0.423 0.018 1.161 0.541 0.019 1.253 0.487
LameStiff_6wks 1 0.016 1.040 0.383 0.016 1.009 0.585 0.018 1.173 0.055
Age 1 0.017 1.095 0.644 0.017 1.110 0.389 0.019 1.234 0.440
Residual 46 0.703 NA NA 0.721 NA NA 0.698 NA NA
  1. Bold text indicates variables with significant p values